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Old Testament Overview
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Esther chris o
- orphan, was chosen in the favor in the eyes of the king to be his queen, saves her people from destrustion, believer in God
King Xerxes- king of Persia, choses Esther as his wife
- a prince, villian, trys to destroy the Jewish race
-cousin of Esther, gate keeper for the kings palace, Esthers remodel, strong believer in God
Vashti-queen of persia who refused to entertain the king and his friends and was thrown out of the kingdom
Esther is a Jewish girl who was selected by the
Persian King Ahasuerus
(Xerxes) to be his wife. He had banished his former wife
who had refused to dance in front of the king and his friends with only her crown on and chose Esther through a contest. (chapters 1-2)
Esthers uncle was Mordecai. Mordecai found out about a plot to kill the king and told Esther about it. Esther went to the king and told him about the plot and gave the credit of finding out to Mordecai. the two men who were involved in the plot were hung. (chapter 2)
One of the princes in the kingdom was Hamon. When Hamon was walking by the palace gates he ordered evevryone to bow to him but, Mordicai refused to bow to anyone but God. Hamon was very angry about this and made a plan to kill all the jews in the land or else they would over throw the kingdom. Niether Hamon or the king knew at the time that Queen Esther was a jew though. (chapter 3)
The law that would kill all the jews in the land was passed. When Mordecai found out about the law he told Esther to appraoch the king and ask him to reconsider. King Xerxes loved Queen Esther but she did not have to the authority to come into the kings chambers without being called for and could be killed for it. Mordecai assured Esther that Gods plan was for to become queen and protect His people. (chapter 4)
One day Esther grew the confidence to approach the king and she invited him and Hamon to have dinner with her. After the dinner she invited both of them a second time for dinner the next day. That day Hamon became even more angry with Mordecai and requested that a gallows be made in order to hang Mordecai in the morning. That night the king was unable to sleep so he had the recent events of the kingdom be read to him. He realized he never honored Mordecai for stoping the plot to kill the king and insisted that he thanks Mordecai in the morning. When Hamon came to the king to request the gallows be made the king asked Hamon his advice on how to honor a man. Hamon thinking the king was refering to him came up with the plan that the man should be shown around the city with the kings robe,crown, and horse. The king liked the idea and ordered Hamon to do everything he just explained for Mordecai because he saves his life. (chapter 5-6)
Hamon was disgusted that he had to honor Mordecai and was very angry. That night the king and Hamon went to Esthers banquet where the king demanded to know what Esthers request was and was willing to give up to half of his kingdom to her. Esther told the king that there was a plot to kill her and her people. The king became angry and asked who was behind this plot and Esther informed the king that it was Hamon. While the king stepped outside to think Hamon begged Esther to spare his life and laid in her bed in sadness. When the king came back he saw Hamon in the queens bed and thought that now he was trying to sexually seduce Esther and he became even more angry. The next day Hamon was hung on the gallows he had made for Mordecai. (chapter 7)
The king told Esther that the law could not be changed but he did allow to the jews to defend themselves. The jews won the battle and slaughtered the army trying to destroy them and the king had a great celebration. (chapters 8-10)
Esther 4:14- For if you remain silent at this time, relief and delieverence will arise from another place, but you and your father's family will perish. And who knows but that you have come to the royal position for such a time as this.
Esther 7:3- if i have found favor with you, O king, and if it pleases your majesty, grant me my life- this is my petition, and the life of my people-this is my request.
Esther 6:12- Since Mordecai, before whom your downfall has begun, is of Jewish orgin, you cannot stand against him- you will surely come to ruin.
HISTORY OF THE BOOK
The author of the book is unknown
The book of Esther was likely written betwenn 460 and 350 BC
It takes place in Persia during the time of King Xerxes
At this time Persia is one fo the largest empires in the world.
The book was thought to have been written to tell a story of the Jewish holiday of Purim.
The main themes of the book of Esther are the banashing of Vashti, Esther chosen as Queen, Mordecais refusal to bow, the law passed,and Esther approaching the king.
The banishment of Vashti allows the contest to happen for Esther. Esther chosen as queen is the beginning of Gods plan to protect His people. Mordecai's refusal to bow starts the on going conflict between Haman and Mordecai. The law being passed to destroy the entire Jewish race is the climax of the story. Esther approaching the king is the risk and sacrafice she makes for her people and God works through this and saves her and all the jews.
-written during the same time as Esther
-written during the same time as Esther
Book of Esther
NIV Bible Translation
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